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Editors British Columbia Monthly Meetings
Upcoming Monthly Meetings and Speaker Sessions
How to Turn Secret Talents into Editing Super Powers!
Date: January 16, 2019
Time: 7–9 pm (program begins at 7:30)
NEW LOCATION: Central Library, 350 West Georgia Street, Vancouver, Alma VanDusen Room
Join us at our next meeting to learn how education, past careers, personal hobbies and passions—basically, transferrable skills acquired through experience unrelated to editing—have expanded the expertise of your editorial colleagues and contributed to making them better, more knowledgeable editors.
Join in on the conversational small group presentations and learn:
- How several expert editors have recognized and molded their backgrounds and transferrable skills into unique super editing powers which have contributed to their successes in some truly interesting editing projects.
- What experiences helped shape the choices they made to come into their own as successful editors.
Learn how you too can transform your distinct and acquired skills into a customized approach to your editing projects.
Please note that this meeting will not be live streamed.
General meetings are held at 7 pm on the third Wednesday of every month, from September to November and from January to May. The evening begins with an opportunity for editors to network while enjoying refreshments and is followed by a presentation on a topic of interest to editors.
We have a NEW meeting location! Join us at the Central Library, 350 West Georgia Street, Vancouver, in the Alma VanDusen room. The room is on the lower level of Library Square, which is accessible by stairs and elevator from the main entrance of Library Square.
Underground parking is available in the EasyPark garage below the library (387 stalls). It’s located at 350 West Georgia Street; the entrance is on Hamilton Street. The cost is $2.75 per 30 minutes, to a maximum of $12.50. Note that the rate increases to a $20 flat fee when events are taking place at Rogers Arena or BC Place.
Two-hour metered street parking is also available but may be restricted on event nights.
Free. Registration at the door.
Past Presentations 2018–2019
Members can listen to audio files of many past presentations by going to our Editors BC audio files page. You must be logged in to the Editors Canada website to access these files.
December 5, 2018—Editors BC Holiday Bash
individual tabs for food & drink | door prizes | party games | casual dress | friends welcome!
November 21, 2018—Niche Editing: Seeing the Opportunities
If it can be written, it can also be improved on with editing and proofreading. The abundance of written material that surrounds us—signs, labels, notices, directions, instructions, blurbs, forms—provides often-overlooked opportunities for editors. On Wednesday, November 21, join us as four editors each describe a specialized editing niche they have developed. Learn about the issues particular to niche editing, the general and specific skills required, liaising with writers, keeping the audience in mind, and how to create your own niche opportunities by uncovering demand for the work. This moderated panel aims to open your mind to previously hidden editing possibilities!
Susan Fitzgerald is a freelance editor, researcher, and writer. For more than two decades, she has helped fiction and non-fiction writers, academics, and organizations with their writing projects. She has worked extensively with wine writers and wine companies.
Sharon McInnis spent over 20 years in marketing, account services, and print production before becoming the ProofingQueen 17 years ago. She has proofread and fact-checked materials for a wide range of services and products, including children’s menus and activity books.
Heather Ross transitioned from project management to editing five years ago after completing the SFU editing certificate. She provides editing services to a variety of clients, including engineering firms, health care organizations, and publishers. A lifelong knitter, she also specializes in technical editing of knitting patterns.
Lynn Sackville has worked as an in-house editor for over 30 years, first with a community newspaper and then for a major accounting firm. In addition to general editing of business-related documents, she specializes in technical editing of financial statements.
October 17, 2018—Demystifying Metadata and E-books for Editors
What exactly is metadata, and why should editors care? Why can’t an e-book just be a fixed-format copy of the print book? How can you leverage metadata to improve book sales? Learn about these topics in digital publishing and tips on how best to present your titles for online retailers. Covering topics such as what metadata and e-book files actually are, what to keep in mind when formatting a print book to e-book, metadata fields that drive discovery and sales, and common pitfalls of metadata, this session aims to demystify e-book production and metadata for editors from a production and retail perspective.
Kelsea O’Connor is a subject matter expert in ONIX and worked in global e-book retail for 4.5 years. She has previously worked at Rakuten Kobo Inc., Random House Canada, Geist, Canadian Literature, and Black Bond Books. She currently works in the marketing software industry.
September 19, 2018—Season-Opening Wine and Cheese
Please join us as we kick off the 2018–19 Editors BC season with a wine and cheese social! Come ready to mingle with fellow editors, share your stories, and enjoy wine and snacks. Our returning and new executive members will be on hand to answer questions and listen to any suggestions you might have for the coming season.
Announcing the Editors BC 2018–19 branch executive:
- Chair, Marianne Grier
- Past chair, Roma Ilnyckyj
- Communications and social media, Jesse Marchand
- Hotline coordinator, Eva van Emden
- Member services, Heather Ross
- Professional development, Ellen Michelle
- Professional development, Ritu Guglani
- Programs, vacant
- Secretary, Lynn Sackville
- Treasurer, Tiffany Sloan
- West Coast Editor, Maggie Clark
- Volunteer coordinator, Barb Johnston
- Webmaster, Amy Haagsma
Past Presentations 2017–2018
May 16, 2018—Season-End Wine and Cheese + Volunteer Recognition + Executive Elections
Summer is coming! Join us in winding down the Editors BC 2017–2018 season with a wine and cheese social and volunteer recognition night. We’ll also be electing members of next year’s executive. Want to become more involved in the running of your branch, or interested in helping out in other ways, big or small? For detailed information, visit the Get Involved page or email Roma Ilnyckyj or Jesse Marchand.
April 18, 2018—Editing and Writing in the Video Game Industry
Branching dialogue, visual novels, role-playing games, narrative design, and game localization: welcome to the world of writing and editing for video games. Tonight’s meeting will reveal the ups and downs of working in a media niche most of us know only as consumers. Get the inside scoop on the unique process of game development, the roles that writers and editors can play, and the opportunities and challenges related to breaking into this competitive sector.
Our speaker, Michelle Clough, is a Vancouver-based freelance writer, editor, narrative designer, localization specialist, QA playtester, closed-caption timer, and professional fangirl. She has been working in the game industry for seven years and is a regular speaker at the Game Developers Conference and PAX West.
March 21, 2018—Abuzz with Networking
Do you feel bees in your belly at the word networking? Ever wonder how, when, where, or why to network? Does going to events alone fill you with dread? Are you biting your nails at the very idea you’ll be talking to new people in this interactive workshop? Well, this March session aims to take the sting out of networking for you!
Lynn Slobogian is a freelance editor whose work includes fiction, manga, training manuals, blogs, and annual reports. She was professional development co-chair for Editors BC from 2015 to 2017 and co-chair of Editors Canada’s 2016 national conference in Vancouver. In her previous work life, Lynn managed public engagement programs, international projects, fundraising events, and a non-profit organization.
February 21, 2018—Editors BC Behind the Scenes
Our February meeting offers a chance to learn more about how Editors BC works. Come out and meet the current BC branch executive as they explain the inner workings of Editors Canada’s westernmost branch. Find out how the branch is run and decisions are made. Get a preview of some exciting initiatives and programming and share your ideas. Learn how to maximize the benefits of membership and reap the rewards of being involved.
January 17, 2018—Editing for Accessibility
Almost 14% of Canadians report being limited in their daily activities by a disability, and 10% of Canadians have print disabilities that affect how they are able to interact with and understand text. If you edit anything for the general public, you are editing for people with disabilities. In this reprise of her session at Editors Canada’s 2017 conference, Iva Cheung will offer concrete steps you can take to make the communications you work on as accessible as possible.
Iva Cheung is a Certified Professional Editor and a winner of the Tom Fairley Award for Editorial Excellence. She is working on her PhD in knowledge translation in mental health.
December 7, 2017—Editors BC Holiday Bash
November 15, 2017—A Tribute to Nancy Flight and the Builders of Editors BC
This evening we will honour longtime Editors BC member and editor extraordinaire Nancy Flight, who retired from her full-time role as associate publisher of Greystone Books on October 16, 2017—forty-five years to the day after she started her first job in book publishing in San Francisco. Throughout her career as a highly respected and award-winning editor, Nancy made significant contributions to the editing profession and to our national association and local branch. We’re delighted she will be with us on November 15 so we can thank her in person.
As part of the evening’s program, a panel of other longtime members—Peter Colenbrander, Ann-Marie Metten, Peter Moskos, and Ruth Wilson—will share stories about the founding and development of Editors BC, the professionalization of editing, and the strong leadership and spirit of volunteerism exemplified by people like Nancy. The evening is sure to inspire and invigorate all of us to do our best work as we lead the editing profession and Editors BC into the future.
October 18, 2017—Scary Editing Stories—Surviving and Learning from Difficult Situations
Unlike Halloween, editing isn’t meant to be a scary experience. But not all projects are treats. We’ve likely all experienced tricky situations when a client, employer, or author has been difficult to work with, processes have gone awry, or the project has felt like a fiasco from start to finish. In every such experience, however, there can be a lesson and an opportunity for professional growth. Tonight’s panel—Frances Peck, Eve Rickert, and Eva van Emden—will share their scariest editing stories, how they handled them, and, most importantly, what they learned.
A partner with West Coast Editorial Associates and a Certified Professional Editor (Honorary), Frances Peck works on a wide range of material, from websites and brochures to reports and books. She also teaches editing and writing at UBC and Douglas College and delivers workshops for a variety of organizations.
Eve Rickert is a Certified Professional Editor and the founder of Talk Science to Me, a science communications firm that works with non-profit organizations, government agencies, universities, and consultants to explain and deliver science-based information through a variety of channels. She is also a published author and the co-founder of Thorntree Press.
Eva van Emden, a Certified Proofreader and a Certified Copy Editor, edits trade books and magazines, self-published books, corporate reports, and scientific and technical materials.
September 20, 2017—Season-Opening Wine and Cheese + Book Swap
Another summer come and gone! Join us in welcoming the 2017–18 Editors BC season with a wine and cheese social. We’ll also have another book swap! Bring along any books you’re finished with (maybe that awesome summer read you can’t stop talking about) and exchange them for others at the book exchange table.
Past Presentations 2016–2017
May 17, 2017—Season-Ending Wine and Cheese, Executive Elections, and Book Swap
Summer is coming! Join us in winding down the Editors BC 2016–2017 season with a wine and cheese social. We’ll also be electing members of next year’s executive and having a book swap! Bring along any books you’re finished with and exchange them for others at the book exchange table. Summer reading, here we come!
April 19, 2017—Revitalizing Indigenous Languages
Our April meeting promises to be fascinating as Nicki Benson of Kwi Awt Stelmexw presents an overview of Indigenous languages of British Columbia, current language revitalization initiatives and challenges, and the work of Kwi Awt Stelmexw regarding language education and place-name reclamation.
Nicki Benson is an education initiatives manager with Kwi Awt Stelmexw, a not-for-profit organization founded in 2015 to advance Squamish cultural and linguistic identity. For more than ten years, she has worked in language education as a teacher, researcher, and consultant. She is the founder of Esperanza Education, an organization that promotes progressive approaches to language education, and has worked with international organizations on projects to support Indigenous language learning in several countries.
March 15, 2017—Trends in Book Publishing
It has been almost four years since Editors BC hosted a panel discussion about the latest developments in book publishing. Since then, self-publishing, digital publishing, and other forces have continued to reshape this publishing sector. At our March meeting, industry expert Trena White will offer insights into the latest trends in book publishing and the prospects for making a living in this field. Trena White is a co-founder of Page Two, a full-service publishing agency specializing in nonfiction books based in Vancouver, and an associate agent of Transatlantic Agency. Before launching Page Two, Trena was publisher of Douglas & McIntyre and Greystone Books and a nonfiction editor at McClelland & Stewart. She is an adjunct professor in publishing at SFU.
February 15, 2017—Infographics and Data Visualization
Infographics are an increasingly popular way to communicate in this social-media age. Smart and creative infographics can catch the eye and convey an incredible amount of information, and they can be easily shared. But they can also be poorly done and end up confusing more than communicating. What makes a good infographic? What does the creative and editorial process look like? Where is the infographics trend headed, and how can editors stay abreast of best practices? Join us as Nick Routleyof Visual Capitalist addresses these and other questions.
Nick Routley is creative director at Visual Capitalist, a Vancouver-based company that combines art, data, and storytelling to make complex issues and processes more digestible and whose client list features major brands around the world. He is also the co-founder of Popcorn, a social media marketing and PR agency. A graduate of Emily Carr University and BCIT, Nick has been nominated for multiple Information Is Beautiful awards for excellence in data visualization.
January 18, 2017—A Behind-the-Scenes Look at the Blue Pencil
Since 2015, Editors BC has partnered with the Vancouver Public Library to offer Blue Pencil consults, in which volunteer editors meet briefly with writers to offer feedback on writing samples. A Blue Pencil session is a valuable experience for editor and writer alike, but it can also be intimidating to those unfamiliar with the process or unsure about how to approach it. A panel of experienced Blue Pencil editors will share their experience, offer tips, and help demystify this unique opportunity to engage with authors one-on-one and develop your editing skills while providing a valuable service to the local writing community.
December 7, 2016—Editors BC Holiday Bash.
November 16, 2016—The Art of Editing Poetry: A Conversation with Shazia Hafiz Ramji
All editors must consider the needs of the writer, the reader, and the publisher or client when working on material, but this can be a particularly delicate balancing act for the poetry editor. What is considered? How does the editor navigate issues of poetic licence or the idiosyncratic use of writing mechanics? What are the desirable characteristics of a poetry editor, and what is happening in this publishing sector? Join us for a stimulating conversation about these and other topics as Talonbooks poetry editor and poet Shazia Hafiz Ramji speaks to moderator Lana Okerlund.
Shazia Hafiz Ramji is the poetry editor at Talonbooks and an interviews editor at Canadian Women in the Literary Arts, and she co-edited the "Intersections" issue of Poetry Is Dead magazine. Her poetry has been nominated for the 2016 National Magazine Awards and is forthcoming in The Capilano Review and the "Augmented Reality" special issue of Letters to the Editors. Shazia's chapbook of poetry will be published by Anstruther Press in 2017, and her first book of poems will be out with Talonbooks in 2018.
October 19, 2016—So You Want to Be a Cookbook Editor
Join seasoned cookbook editors Jesse Marchand and Lana Okerlund and local cookbook author Denise Marchessault for a panel on the tasty art of editing cookbooks. Denise, Jesse, and Lana will guide us through the flavourful world of cookbook writing and editing, sharing first-hand tips and tricks for those interested in the field. Come and participate in a lively discussion, and learn more about this editorial niche from both the editor’s and author’s perspectives.
Denise Marchessault is a classically trained cook with a particular fondness for French cooking techniques. A firm believer in cooking from scratch, Denise creates her soups and sauces with fresh, local ingredients. She is the co-author of British Columbia from Scratch, a cookbook devoted to making delicious meals with an emphasis on local and seasonal ingredients. She lives in Vancouver with her husband and twin daughters.
Jesse Marchand has been working as an editor in publishing and journalism for over 12 years. She is currently the managing editor of WorkSafe magazine, and teaches editing classes through SFU’s Editing Certificate program. She is the former associate publisher of Whitecap Books in Vancouver, where she spent many hours working with cookbook authors to get their books to press. She has worked in book publishing at nearly every stage of the process, including acquisition, substantive editing, photo editing, design, copy editing and proofreading, creating press files, and creating and designing ebooks. She holds a bachelor of arts from UBC.
Lana Okerlund is a Certified Copy Editor and Certified Proofreader and a partner of West Coast Editorial Associates. She specializes in non-fiction books and publications, including cookbooks. She has copy edited, proofread, or indexed over 40 cookbook titles for clients such as Appetite by Random House, Figure 1 Publishing, TouchWood Editions, and Whitecap Books. She is also an editing instructor at SFU and is currently the member services chair for Editors BC.
September 21, 2016—Welcome Back Wine & Cheese
It’s September (already!), and time to kick off our 2016–17 season. Come ready to mingle with fellow editors, share your stories, and enjoy wine and snacks. Announcing the 2016–17 Editors BC executive: Marianne Grier, chair; Roma Ilnyckyj, past chair; Wendy Barron, communications & social media; Lana Okerlund, member services; Lynn Slobogian, professional development; Erin Parker, professional development; TBA, programs; Eric Damer, secretary; Tiffany Sloan, treasurer; Amy Haagsma, West Coast Editor; Eva van Emden, hotline coordinator and webmaster.
Past Presentations 2015–2016
May 18, 2016—Season-End Wine and Cheese, Executive Elections, and Conference Preview
Summer is coming! Join us in winding down the Editors BC 2015–2016 season with a wine and cheese social. We’ll also be electing members of next year’s executive. And as an extra bonus, Wendy Barron, Lynn Slobogian, and Amy Haagsma will be leading an informal discussion about the Editors Canada 2016 conference. Come get a sneak peek at what you can expect from the conference, and learn some tips for getting the most out of an editing conference.
April 20, 2016—The Editor as Advocate: Plain Language and Social Justice
As editors, we know we are proxies for the readers. Do we naturally have an obligation to advocate for them as well? This talk will look at clear communication as fundamental to a participatory democracy and functional society, drawing examples from legal and medical case studies. We’ll discuss the role of plain language editing in social justice issues and how best to uphold your audience’s rights.
Iva Cheung is a Certified Professional Editor and a winner of Editors Canada’s Tom Fairley Award for Editorial Excellence. She blogs about editing and publishing at www.ivacheung.com and is working on her PhD in knowledge translation.
March 16, 2016—So You Want to Be an Expat Editor
Explore the pleasures and pitfalls of expatriate life as Daniel Gawthrop recalls his experiences as an overseas sub-editor at daily newspapers in Thailand and Burma/Myanmar. Drawing from two tours of duty a decade apart, Gawthrop offers insight into the challenges of navigating cultural differences, wading through butchered syntax in bad translation, and resisting newsroom censorship in a land still recovering from half a century of military rule.
Daniel Gawthrop is the author of five non-fiction books, including The Trial of Pope Benedict (Arsenal Pulp Press). A former freelance journalist, he now works as a communications representative for the Canadian Union of Public Employees.
February 17, 2016—An Evening of Show and Tell
Join us for an exciting evening of presentations from some of our very own Editors BC members. Discover what your fellow editors have been up to as they share their experiences from memorable projects both big and small.
January 20, 2016—The Tyranny of the Copy-Text: The Trials and Tribulations of Textual Editing
A description of classical textual editing can make it seem arcane and dull, but taken in conjunction with the history of printing and textual transmission, it’s a fascinating discipline that can arouse strong feelings among its practitioners. Herbert Rosengarten will share some examples from his own experience to illustrate the challenges facing an editor whose task is the seemingly simple one of reproducing what an author wanted the reader to see.
Herbert Rosengarten is a professor emeritus and former Head of the English Department at the University of British Columbia. He was a member of the editorial team that produced the Clarendon edition of the novels of the Brontës, a contributor to The Oxford Companion to the Brontës, and (with Christine Alexander) a compiler of the entry on the Brontës in The Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature, 3rd ed. He worked with writer and editor Eric Damer on a history of UBC, where he is currently executive director of the president’s office.
December 5, 2015—Editors BC Holiday Bash
November 18, 2015—Panel Discussion: Editing Global English
A discussion on the role of editors in the increasingly globalized context of English. As editors, how can we edit with a sensitivity toward non-native-speaking authors? How does the author-editor relationship change when a second (or third) language is involved? What are the cultural and ethical implications of this relationship? Our three guest speakers have diverse linguistic and professional backgrounds that will help inform this relevant and much-needed discussion.
Glauce Fleury is a Vancouver-based freelance journalist and communications specialist. After working for 15 years in Brazil, her Portuguese-speaking home country, she challenged herself to write professionally in Canadian English. Her work has appeared in publications from organizations such as the David Suzuki Foundation and Douglas College.
Joel Heng Hartse is a lecturer in the Faculty of Education at Simon Fraser University with a PhD in language and literacy education. His work in the areas of sociolinguistics, academic writing and publishing, and education has appeared or is forthcoming in the Journal of Second Language Writing, Asian Englishes, English Today, and Composition Studies.
Carol Zhong has been an editor for over 17 years, specializing in academic work. She has a BA in French and an MA in TESL. In her previous lives she was an instructor of ESL, EFL, and English, in Canada and abroad. In the UK, she was a lexicographer with Longman.
October 21, 2015—Editors Canada: Update on National Happenings
One of our local members, Margaret Shaw, is on the national executive this year. She’s the director of branches and twigs for western Canada, meaning the BC, Prairie Provinces, and Saskatchewan branches and the Calgary twig. Margaret will talk about some of the highlights from the first national executive meeting of the 2015–2016 year, which took place in Montreal on September 19–20. She’ll tell us about the overall priorities the executive intends to address in the coming year, and also provide specifics about some exciting new projects and undertakings. Margaret Shaw is a freelance writer, editor, and trainer with a science background. She works mainly with technical material in the corporate and government sectors. In her previous career, she was an environmental consultant. Margaret has a diploma in professional writing from Douglas College and is certified in structural, stylistic, and copy editing. When not at her desk, she likes to be outdoors.
September 16, 2015—Welcome Back Wine & Cheese: Getting to Know Each Other Better
Come on out to get to know your Editors Canada/Editors BC colleagues better! We’re all editors, but our backgrounds are diverse. Did you know that we have published authors, engineers, trained historians, and world travellers among us? Come ready to share your stories, and enjoy wine and snacks as we kick off our 2015–2016 season.
Past Presentations 2014–2015
May 20, 2015—Year-End Wine and Cheese—and Elections Our 2014–2015 season is drawing to a close, and it’s time to celebrate summer! Join us for wine, Murchie’s Editors’ Blend tea, snacks, and good conversation with fellow editors. We’ll also be choosing our new executive council for the 2015–16 season.
April 15, 2015—Transcription, Captioning, and Subtitling: An Introduction for Editors Transcription, captioning, and subtitling are challenging and interesting areas of work for editors, from both process and service-delivery perspectives. To do this work, an editor needs responsive thinking skills, a full editor’s toolkit, and the ability to break down a job into its constituent parts . . . and then to recombine the parts to best represent how the text is performed. Kelly Maxwell is a co-founder (in 1994) of Line 21 Media Services, a Vancouver-based boutique service company specializing in transcription, captioning, and subtitling. Every day in her work brings new challenges, new stories, and new material.
March 18, 2015—Writers on Editors: An Evening of Eavesdropping What do writers really think of editors? Do they love all that well-intentioned advice and criticism, or do they sometimes, just sometimes, resist it? Which editorial strategies work best for writers, and which are doomed to fail? Do self-published authors have different needs than the traditionally published? Our March author panel is your chance to eavesdrop and learn as three accomplished writers tell all about their editors. Margo Bates, author of P.S. Don't Tell Your Mother, The Queen of a Gated Community, and The Funeral Follower (in progress), uses humour to bring fiction to life. She is president of the Vancouver branch of the Canadian Authors Association and does public speaking, workshops, publicity, and photography. Daniel Francis is the author of two dozen books, mostly about Canadian history, and is a columnist for Geist magazine. His books, which have won several awards, cover a diverse range of subjects, from prostitution in Vancouver to the history of whaling. Jenny Lee (moderator) has worked on both sides of the author–editor partnership. A writer, editor, and digital journalist, she’s been with the Vancouver Sun for nearly 30 years.
February 18, 2015—Language Detectives: Part II Join in as Dr. Lorna Fadden takes us on a journey into the world of forensic linguistics. How do we know if someone understands their rights after they’re arrested? Can we demonstrate an escalation of threat in a series of letters? What does it mean to have a questionable confession? The intricacies of word choice and sentence structure, among other language features, can give us insightful clues into answering these questions. Dr. Lorna Fadden teaches at Simon Fraser University, where she is also the First Nations languages coordinator. Her research is in the area of forensic discourse analysis, and she consults on criminal and civil cases involving language evidence.
January 21, 2015—Editing for the Ear: A Speech Writer’s Perspective Join well-known Vancouver speech writer Colin Moorhouse for a one-hour workshop on writing and editing speeches. He will discuss the six key elements of writing an engaging speech and cover issues such as the nature of the event; the oratorical skills of the speaker; and matters of story, language, humour, and interest. He will also provide insight on where the editor can play a crucial role in polishing a keynote speech for final delivery to the client. Colin Moorhouse has been a freelance speech writer for over twenty years. He has written hundreds of speeches for senior levels of government, businesses, and international NGOs. His speeches have been delivered by senior executives at venues all over the world. He teaches a two-day speechwriting course at SFU Harbour Centre, provides similar instructional courses to the corporate sector, and runs a six-week online program. He has spoken at speech-related events for Toastmasters and the International Association of Business Communicators, and at the Ragan Speechwriters Conference in Washington, DC.
December 6, 2014—EAC-BC Holiday Bash
November 19, 2014—Access to Information: The Role of Editors As editors, our job is to make sure that the material we’re editing is as accessible as possible for its intended audience. But what do we do if we’re editing for an audience we’re not familiar with? What challenges do different groups of readers face, and what can editors do to make reading material more accessible to all audiences? Join us for a panel discussion with three speakers representing a wide range of readers. Panel speakers: William Booth, Downtown Eastside Literacy Outreach Coordinator; Sheryl Gray, editor and advocate for children with Down syndrome; Heidi Nygard, Alternate Format Collections Coordinator, Crane Library. Panel moderator: Shana Johnstone, principal of Uncover Editorial + Design.
October 15, 2014—Forks in the Road: Dictionaries and the Radically Changing English-Language Ecosystem By at least one objective measure of use, English is set apart from all other languages today. UBC’s Stefan Dollinger will look at recent geopolitical changes influencing the language and the use of English as a lingua franca among non-native speakers, which raises questions of ownership and discrimination between “errors” and linguistic innovations. Stefan will focus on whether these novel uses have been, or should be, addressed in the Oxford English Dictionary and the Dictionary of Canadianisms on Historical Principles. Stefan Dollinger, Assistant Professor of English at UBC Vancouver, specializes in historical linguistics, sociolinguistics, and the lexicography and lexicology of varieties of English. He has published over 40 scholarly papers and is the author of New-Dialect Formation in Canada (2008) and The Written Questionnaire in Social Dialectology (just sent to press). As editor-in-chief of A Dictionary of Canadianisms on Historical Principles, Stefan oversaw the digitization of DCHP-1, now available in open access. The second edition, with about 800 new terms and meanings, is expected in early 2016.
September 17, 2014—Hitting-the-Books Wine & Cheese: Professional Development Tips It’s back-to-school season, and we’re celebrating with wine and cheese—why not?—and an exchange of professional development tips. How do you build your editing skills and knowledge? How do you stay on top of changes in language and technology? Who are your grammar gurus? What are your go-to books, blogs, LinkedIn or Facebook groups, newsletters, webinars, podcasts, Twitter feeds? Bring in your well-thumbed publications, show us your online faves (laptop and projector provided), or simply tell us where and how you like to learn.
Past Presentations 2013–2014
May 21, 2014—Election of the 2014–2015 Executive and Wine and Cheese Social May is election month for BC editors, so come out and choose your 2014–2015 BC Branch executive. Want to get more involved? Stand for an executive position yourself or join one of our committees.
April 16, 2014—Not Only in Canada, Eh? International Editing There’s a whole world out there in need of editors. Curious? Three panellists, moderated by Anne Brennan, will share their experiences of working for international clients, hiring international team members, grappling with editorial styles, marketing their services, and—of course—getting paid.
- Theresa Best has over 15 years of publishing experience. She spent several years as an editor at the UK’s statutory body for education. Also, she worked as a commissioning editor at Routledge Education and an editor at Guardian News & Media, publisher of the Guardian newspaper. She teaches editing at SFU.
- Anne Brennan, CPE, worked in-house for 25 years, mostly as a managing editor for magazines, websites, and distance learning materials, before going freelance in 2008. Now she edits educational, technical, and corporate material; develops websites; and manages projects.
- Eva van Emden is a freelance editor with a background in biology and computer science. She has worked for clients in the United States, Europe, and Asia, editing magazines, academic papers, grant proposals, and self-published books, as well as doing the occasional translation.
- Carol Zhong edits journal articles for academics in Hong Kong and Europe, and manuscripts for a university press in Hong Kong. Before becoming an editor, she taught ESL and English in Canada and China, was a lexicographer for Longman in the UK, and edited in-house at the Open University of Hong Kong.
March 19, 2014—Behind the Scenes at the Library: Libraries in an evolving landscape The publishing landscape is changing fast, and it’s a challenge for libraries to meet the evolving needs of all parties—content producers and consumers alike. How do libraries select books and other materials in this new environment? What role do bricks-and-mortar libraries and bookstores play? What are recent borrowing and buying trends? How do e-books and self-published authors fit in? Christine Middlemass shares her experiences and suggests some directions for the future. Christine Middlemass, Manager of Collections and Technical Services, Vancouver Public Library, has been at VPL since 1978. She developed a number of collections and managed the historical photographs archival collection. More recently, she led a project to create a centralized team of librarians to select material for VPL’s collections. She has also worked on integrating selection, acquisition, interlibrary loan, and purchase-on-demand functions at VPL. Chris is an avid reader of science fiction.
February 19, 2014—Posture for Editors Are you achy or in pain after hours at your desk? Your posture may be playing a role. Bad posture, which causes muscles to fatigue quickly, is a repetitive cycle, but it can be broken. Training can help you maintain good posture and minimize pain. Registered massage therapist Luca Pellanda will speak to us about resting and sleeping posture, seated posture, and standing posture, and will give us simple tips for integrating better posture, strength, and activity building into our daily lives. Luca Pellanda, RMT, is a graduate of Utopia Academy of Massage Therapy in Vancouver and is trained in a wide range of therapeutic techniques. He focuses on identifying conditions that respond to treatment by myofascial techniques, therapeutic exercises, and life/work ergonomic changes, with the goal of improving clients’ sustainable mobility and strength.
January 15, 2014—A Tour through the World of Map Editing Editing maps without too much editorializing presents many challenges: How do you show boundaries that are in dispute? Name places where the Latin alphabet isn’t used? Portray sites using symbols without offending anyone? Produce a pleasing, detailed, accurate map without overcrowding it? Creating a map is an editorial responsibility as much as it is a graphic compilation. What to include and what to omit, how to spell place names, how to show such items as hotels without being overtly commercial, how to overcome opposition that can become quite heated, and how to work with production facilities in different parts of the world and with differing cultural backgrounds—these are key editorial considerations in the world of map publishing. Explore the world of map editing and you could go home with freebies from our bonus map giveaway. Jack Joyce is founder and president of International Travel Maps and Books (ITMB Publishing). As a retailer of maps from Asia, Europe, and the U.S., Jack discovered that maps of Latin America were almost impossible to find. Responding to customer demand, he partnered with Kevin Healey, an Australian cartographer, to form ITMB and began publishing original maps. Today ITMB is the largest publisher of travel maps in the world.
December 7, 2013—Annual Christmas Party Here’s your chance to mix it up with EAC members and friends at the season’s best bash.
November 20, 2013—What the Heck Is Happening in Book Publishing? Is book publishing an archaic industry in decline or an expanding field of unprecedented opportunity? Do book editors need new skills to remain relevant? Will the editorial role shrink, or will editors step into higher-profile positions as part of a publisher’s quality or curatorial “brand”? And what about self-publishing—is there an editorial living to be made there? Join a panel of eminent book editors and publishers—Laraine Coates, Nancy Flight, and Barbara Pulling—for a discussion of the latest developments in this ever-changing industry. Lana Okerlund will moderate.
- Laraine Coates joined UBC Press as a production editor in 2009 and became marketing manager in 2011. She also manages the press’s digital program. She started her life in book publishing in 2000 and has worked in editorial, administration, sales, and marketing.
- Nancy Flight is associate publisher of Greystone Books, a past-president of EAC, and the 1988 recipient of the Tom Fairley Award for Editorial Excellence. She has taught editing for SFU's Master of Publishing and Continuing Studies programs, and for the SFU and Banff summer publishing workshops.
- Lana Okerlund is a freelance editor, writer, and indexer, specializing in non-fiction books. She is a graduate of SFU’s Certificate in Editing program and is certified as a copy editor and a proofreader by EAC.
- Barbara Pulling is a freelance editor, literary consultant, and publishing specialist. Winner of the 2000 Tom Fairley Award, she has worked with some of Canada’s best book authors since 1983. She has taught at SFU in Continuing Studies, the book and fiction editing workshops, and the Master of Publishing program.
October 16, 2013—EAC Gets a Structural Edit There’s new legislation in store for national not-for-profits in Canada, and it spells change for EAC. This fall members across Canada are being asked how the association should revise its structure to comply. Former EAC president Maureen Nicholson will run through the new legal requirements and guide us in a discussion of the best options for the association and our branch. Whether you’ve been a member for years or are new to the scene, you’ll learn a lot about how EAC is run plus get a chance to have your say. If you’d like to prepare for the discussion, check out this short, readable backgrounder. Maureen Nicholson, long-time editor and coordinator of the professional writing program at Douglas College, is a past-president and honorary life member of the Editors’ Association of Canada. She spent a year as chair of the EAC task force on governance issues.
September 18, 2013—Wine & Cheese, Editors’ Show and Tell: Timesaving Tools, Tips, and Tricks Efficient, productive, savvy—we all want to be that editor. What better way to learn than from each other? Come out for an informal exchange of shortcuts, apps, databases, programs, references, and general wisdom on how to do it faster and better. Show your faves on the laptop and projector (provided) or tell us your tricks of the trade. Get a list of the main tips here.
Past Presentations 2012–2013
May 15, 2013—Election of the 2013–14 Executive, Book Exchange, and Wine and Cheese Social
April 17, 2013—The Good, the Bad, and the “That Could Have Gone Better” about Subcontracting Subcontracting is a great way to farm out work when you’ve got too much due at the same time. For new editors, it’s a chance to get started in the business. How do you venture into subcontracting, and what pleasures and pitfalls might you encounter along the way? Join three editors—Patricia Anderson, Amelia Gilliland, and Eve Rickert—for a lively panel discussion of what works and what doesn’t, no matter which side of the subcontract you’re on. Moderated by Frances Peck, EAC-BC programs co-chair, the panel will end with general Q&A, so bring along those questions you’ve always meant to ask.
- Patricia Anderson, PhD, is a cultural history and publishing studies scholar, book author, and editor of fiction and nonfiction. Her editing and literary consulting business, Helping You Get Published, has been online for 14 years, during which time she has hired a number of editorial subcontractors. She is writing a guide to successful publication for conventional and self-publishing book authors that will include a chapter on the importance of professional editing.
- Amelia Gilliland has been editing fiction and nonfiction books for seven years. She has an editing certificate from SFU’s Writing and Publishing Program, worked in-house at Douglas & McIntyre and Arsenal Pulp Press, and subcontracts for West Coast Editorial Associates. An experienced substantive editor, copy editor, and proofreader, she has focused on editing fiction for the past few years. She frequently works with self-publishing authors.
- A certified professional editor with 10 years of experience, Eve Rickert owns Talk Science to Me Communications Inc. Her firm provides à la carte services such as writing, editing, indexing, illustration, design, and web development, as well as teams to complete projects from start to finish. The firm relies on freelance associates to provide clients with the skills they need at a price they can afford.
March 20, 2013—Plain Language Certification. Katherine McManus, Director of the SFU Writing and Communications Program, will discuss SFU’s role in the new international project to launch certification in plain language.
February 20, 2013—Editing Books in Translation Whether you’re a current (or would-be) editor of translations, or are simply curious about this intriguing niche, you won’t want to miss our February presentation. Join Iva Cheung, winner of Canada’s most coveted editing award for Cow: A Bovine Biography (translated from German), for an insider’s look at the pleasures and pitfalls of editing books in translation. Iva will cover some big-picture issues, such as copyright and the all-important editor–translator relationship, as well as the nuts and bolts of working with a translated manuscript, including special problems you may encounter. She’ll also offer tips for finding work as an editor of translations.
January 16, 2013—The Making of a Profession: Why Do Editors Need a National Association? David Harrison, an experienced business and academic editor, asks what it means and what it takes to be a professional in your field—in fact, any field. Are editors there yet? Or is there still a way for us to go before being accepted (and paid!) as professionals? David will bring you first-hand some fresh impressions of what EAC is currently up to at the national level to support editors and help advance the profession. He’ll talk about topics of member interest that are being addressed nationally and ask what you really want your national representatives to be doing on your behalf.
November 21, 2012—Language Detectives What do syntax and CSI have in common? Find out in this fascinating glimpse into the world of forensic linguistics. Did a series of text messages sent before a fatal car crash constitute legitimate suicide notes? Can we tell if a 911 call transcript has been altered? In a series of letters, where does the author go from creep to stalker? Dr. Lorna Fadden, linguistics professor at Simon Fraser University and a consultant in the field of forensic linguistics, will tell us about these and other cases she has worked on. She’ll also discuss what she and her colleagues look for in their work, and how she came to be a language detective. Dr. Fadden is also SFU’s First Nations Languages Coordinator and a regular moderator for SFU’s Philosophers’ Cafés.
October 17, 2012—E-Books: What Exactly Goes into Making an E-Book, and What Do Editors Need to Know?
Speaker Lara Smith, print and digital coordinator at D&M Publishers, will go over different e-book formats and the kinds of content best suited to each, discuss different conversion methods, and compare in-house and conversion-service workflows. She will also take us through a typical conversion and explain what kind of work is required after export, particularly to accommodate various e-reading devices. We'll look at the inside of an EPUB file, metadata requirements, and digital rights management options. Finally, we'll see how deciding to produce an e-book can affect the editing process.
September 19, 2012—#LFMF(Learn From My Fail) Evening at EAC-BC Read the
(article by Frances Peck). “When signing off with ‘Regards’ in a memo to an author, keep in mind that the G and T keys are in close proximity. #LFMF” The theme of this first meeting of the 2012–2013 season will be Learn from My Fail (yes, we know it’s bad grammar!): live-tweet your editing lessons learned—your most memorable, not-to-be-repeated moments—to @EditorsBC using the hashtag #LFMF, and we’ll display EAC-BC’s Twitter feed for everyone to see. The evening is an opportunity for all editors to gain some light-hearted wisdom by learning from each other’s (sometimes mortifying) mistakes.
Past Presentations 2011–2012
May 16, 2012—It’s time again for EAC-BC’s branch elections. Enjoy yourself at the complimentary wine & cheese reception and lull yourself into a volunteering frame of mind.
April 18, 2012—“Yes, You Can!” Dispelling the Myths of Certification Too often beliefs, based in fact or not, become truths. That’s especially true of EAC/ACR’s professional certification program. Certified editors Lana Okerlund, Anne Brennan, and Ann-Marie Metten will dispel the top myths about certification, and provide good reasons for getting official recognition of your editing knowledge.
March 21, 2012—Style Sheets with Substance! Want to spend less time and exert less effort when preparing your next style sheet? Join speaker Ruth Wilson for an informal presentation about the basics of building an effective style sheet. Learn what’s necessary for a style sheet to be truly useful. Ruth will provide examples of style sheets for projects ranging from cookbooks to corporate publications.
February 15, 2012—Academic Editing: It’s Not about the Typos Speaker David Harrison shares some ideas, experiences, and tips for editing scholarly articles, books, courses, and other materials for fussy clients in a wide range of academic contexts.
January 18, 2012—Tweeting Your Way to Job Leads Freelance editor Pamela Findling will discuss how posting and following tweets using Twitter can result in some interesting job leads!
November 16, 2011—How to Sell Your Writing and Editing Services to the Government of Canada Did you know there is a market for selling writing and editing services to the federal government? Walker Pautz, from the Office of Small and Medium Enterprises with Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC), will describe how you can register to sell your services to the government, and how to navigate government websites to conduct market research, find key marketing contacts, and bid on opportunities.
October 19, 2011—The Author/Editor/Publisher Relationship—Battleground or Peace Conference? A presentation by R. David Stephens, senior editor for Tradewind Books and an associate editor for Granville Island Publishing. David currently teaches courses in fiction editing at Simon Fraser University and the University of British Columbia. His children’s book My Animal Friends was chosen by the BC Ministry of Education to be given to 40,000 preschool children as part of their Ready, Set, Learn program. He is a published poet and his plays have received productions at the UBC Summer Theatre Festival, the New Ideas Festival, the Ensemble Studio Theatre, and the Fringe of Toronto Festival.
September 21, 2011—Editing Portfolio Showcase Ever wonder how other editors present their portfolios?Or what exactly they include? And how they use those portfolios to showcase themselves and their editorial skills with potential clients? Join us at the YWCA on Hornby Street for a show-and-tell session with three Vancouver-area editors as they provide a look at some of their work.
Past Presentations 2010–2011
June 2011—EAC-BC Elections of the Executive Join us and vote for your new executive members, or step up and volunteer for one of several committees. We will also hold a book exchange, so bring in your less-used tomes to share with your collegues.
April 2011—E-Books Are Changing the World (Or Are They?) What is the impact of e-books on publishing today? And, in particular, what is the impact on editors? Join us for a panel discussion on how new technologies are changing the publishing landscape. Kathleen Fraser is a Master of Publishing student whose research has focused on the intersection of technological development and editorial practices. Kathleen is the editor at Hur Publishing and works at Caitlin Press. Robert Mackwood has spent almost 30 years in the book industry. As the owner and principal agent of Seventh Avenue Literary Agency—one of Canada’s only non-fiction agencies—he represents over 40 authors with sales to English language publishers and translations rights to over 15 countries for some works. The agency developed Mackwood Publishing Consultants in 2009 to work with self-published authors early in the publishing process providing guidance and insight for their projects.
March 2011—Wearing Two Hats—With Style: Author as Editor One of the skills of a good editor is being able to wear the author’s shoes. Finding a way to nudge, cajole and encourage authors to write their best can be easier once you’ve appreciated the view from both sides of the fence. Author and editor Rhea Tregebov will give her perspective as author and editor. Rhea has worked with authors at the substantive level on numerous projects in a variety of genres, from YA novels to cookbooks, and from academic articles to literary fiction. As an author, she’s also been edited by some of the best, and is grateful for it. She now leads poetry and literary translation workshops for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in the creative writing program at UBC, where she finds her editing skills central to teaching. Her website is www.rheatregebov.ca and her debut novel, released in 2009, is The Knife Sharpener’s Bell. For a client’s view of Rhea’s editing, see best-selling author Lilian Nattel’s blog post.
February 2011—Self-Serving Sources What do you do when an important source insists on seeing the text of your story or makes other similar requests? This session looks at ways to say no that keep a source feeding you information forever. Other source-related predicaments will be discussed, such as, “This is just background” and “I’ve got to see the questions first.” Elizabeth Rains has a master of journalism degree from Carleton University, along with a certificate in graphic design from Selkirk College, and certificates in journalism and web publishing from Langara College. She has worked on many publications and freelanced as a book and corporate editor. She currently publishes Pacific Rim magazine, is a partner in Ocean Cove Media, which develops business plans, book proposals, and marketing materials, and teaches editing at Langara College, Capilano University, and Simon Fraser University.
January 2011—What Are You Worth? How to Price Your Editing Services Putting a dollar value on your skills, abilities, and experience can be daunting for many of us. Cerina Wheatland joined us in January to help make sense of this puzzle in a practical and entertaining way. As a seminar speaker, writer, editor, and advisor, Cerina is passionate about guiding entrepreneurs through the exciting and challenging process of creating, growing, and succeeding in their business. Her website is www.cerinawheatland.com and you can read her blog posts for Small Business BC.
November 2010—Editors’ Show and Tell (or these are a few of my favorite things . . .) Come out and show off your favourite must-haves when you work. See what other editors can’t do without. How have changes in technology affected your toolkit and resources? This will be an evening of discussion and discovery, and hopefully a few surprises along the way!
October 2010—Michelle Boulton, EAC president, met with our membership to discuss proposed changes to the structure of the EAC. The document Editing EAC was circulated a few months ago for members to contemplate, and National strongly encourages your input. It can be found on the members section of our website. You can also find a discussion of our strategic plan on the members section of the website. We’re particularly looking for member feedback on these issues. How do you respond to the issues raised in Editing EAC? How would you like your interests to be represented within the organization? (There is a discussion forum for these issues on the EAC bulletin board.)
September 2010—Terrence Little talked about meeting the challenges of writing and editing for an online audience in the age of fast-developing communications technology.
Past Presentations 2009–2010
April 2010: Melva McLean introduced the craft of screenplay editing focusing on clear and concise principles of formatting, structure, and style. Melva edits books, writes screenplays, and works as a script supervisor in the film industry.
January 2010: Christopher Hatherly, MBA, joined us to discuss the options that editors have when deciding how to structure their small business to suit their needs.
November 2009: Melva McLean presented “The TRIUMF Five-Year Plan 2010–2015: Building a Vision for the Future.”
October 2009: Barbara Tomlin presented “Changes Ahead: How the Revised Professional Editorial Standards Will Affect Certification.”
Also, read the minutes of the September EAC-BC executive meeting.
September 2009: 20th Anniversary Celebration
Past Presentations 2008–2009
October 2008 through March 2009: We have posted audio files from these meetings to the audio page: October (trade magazines), November (from inspiration to publication), January (professional editorial standards), February (photo research), and March (editing for children).
September 2008: Audio from the September panel on what publishers look for in an editor is available from the audio page.
Past Presentations 2007–2008
May 2008: Annette Lorek’s presentation on indexing appears on the audio page.
March 2008: Derek K. Miller’s presentation “Life, Death, and the Blog” is also available as an enhanced audio download from his website.
February 2008: Randall Orser spoke to EAC-BC members about bookkeeping and accounting for editors.
Past Presentations 2006–2007
May 2007: Monique Trottier talked about working collaboratively using various online tools.
April 2007: Frances Peck covered the copy editing business.
January 2007: Linguist Carrie Gillon compared English and Sḵwx̱wú7mesh (Squamish Salish), in which no grammatical article behaves like “the.”
November 2006: Christine Laurin spoke about finding and working with European clients. She drew on her 12 years of experience living and working in Spain as a freelance academic editor and translator. Audio is available (about an hour long).
October 2006: EAC-BC webmaster Derek K. Miller spoke about writing and editing for the web and other online and electronic media. Audio is available (about an hour long).
September 2006: Ruth Wilson talked and answered questions about EAC’s inaugural certification exams, coming in November 2006. More detailed information about certification is available on the main EAC certification page and the certification FAQ.
Past Presentations 2005–2006
May 2006: National Chair Maureen Nicholson took us for a fast and informal overview of the national association and its operations. What exactly is the mythic “National”? Who are our members? How are branches funded? Isn’t the Toronto branch just huge? Why bother becoming a voting member? What’s the link between certification and membership? What are those membership benefits? And more.
April 2006: On April 19, Sam Corea, manager of editorial services for VANOC, talked about what it’s like to manage the communications, media relations, and editorial services for an event such as the Winter Games. He described his experiences in Torino and his role in the Torino Main Press Centre.
March 2006: Peter Moskos led an informative session on learning and meeting EAC’s editorial standards, in part as preparation for the upcoming certification process. Audio is now available (see above).
February 2006: EAC-BC webmaster, communications manager for Navarik Corp., and Vancouver blogger Derek K. Miller told us how to build a website in 15 minutes or less (actually, he managed it in 11 minutes). He has posted:
January 2006: Freelance speechwriter Colin Moorhouse of Fearless Freelancing gave a funny and wide-ranging talk about getting new clients (focus on the ones that have money!), figuring out what to charge (more than you do now!), and presenting your skills (you help alleviate people’s frustrations!). Audio has been removed to save space, but contact us if you want a copy.
November 2005: Ruth Wilson, an experienced editor and chair of EAC’s certification steering committee, gave an overview of EAC’s plans to administer tests to certify editors. She covered background information, as well as specifics about the tests, the way they will be administered, and when they will be offered—plus suggestions for test preparation.
October 2005: Do you ever wonder if what you’re doing is legal? Our October presentation on media law revealed how the law affects our work as editors. Lawyer David Sutherland responded to questions about access to information, libel, and defamation, and identified the four available defenses against defamation suits in British Columbia.
September 2005: The September meeting welcomed members back from the summer by introducing the new EAC-BC executive and holding a “show and tell” and networking session where members discussed the work they do.
Past Presentations 2004–2005
May 2005: The May meeting was our last before the summer break, and included our annual elections for the EAC-BC executive, which took place at the very beginning of the general meeting, at 7:30. Then Denise Dale and Sandie Bradley of Streamline Information and Organizing Services talked about their handy office and home information management system. The method is detailed in their two books, At Your Fingertips in the Office: Information Management for the Small Business and At Your Fingertips: A Household Filing System that Works for You.
April 2005: Gail Franklin described a top-down, modular approach for “engineering” technical documents, first developed at Hughes Aircraft in the 1960s, but still not well known among editors generally. She showed how it produces very readable proposals and manuals—on budget and schedule.
March 2005: Peter Moskos described his simple rules for estimating editing jobs, and had the audience try them out by preparing quotes for editing sample manuscripts. Technical difficulties prevented us from recording his talk, but an article about it will appear in West Coast Editor.
February 2005: Cathy Stonehouse discussed the joys and challenges of editing an established literary journal. She talked about what the job actually entails and illustrated an assessment of obstacles and opportunities looming in the field of small magazine publishing.
January 2005: At our January 19 meeting, writer, editor, and EAC member Leigh MacKay presented his insights into corporate documentation, single-source documentation, working with Microsoft Word templates, establishing a company style guide and word list, training casual Microsoft Word users in the office how to get more out of the program, and document quality control through an effective editing process.